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BACKGROUND TO CRI
CRI is based on the indications as stipulated in the following documents:
Concluding Observations of the Committee of the Rights of the Child:
The committee recommends that the State Party…
- Point 39
Take necessary measures to support and strengthen the capacity of parents, particularly those in difficult circumstances, to perform their responsibilities in the upbringing of their children through family support programmes and facilitate the work of NGO’s in this regard.
- Point 41
- Undertake the necessary measures to fully implement the guidelines on the care and protection of orphaned and vulnerable children as a matter of priority, inter alia, by strengthening the capacity of the Department of social Welfare
- Provide active support for a significant increase of the availability of the family type of alternative care such as the extended family or faster care in order to make institutional care a matter of last resort.
- Ensure that all existing and newly established children’s homes and orphanages meet standards of quality and are regularly reviewed
- Ensure that the stay in institutions is for the shortest time possible.
- Seek technical assistance and technical cooperation from, inter alia, UNICEF
- Point 43
Ratify the 1993 Hague Convention No.33 on the Protection of Children and Cooperation in Respect of Inter-Country Adoption
- The Ghana National Social Protection Strategy (NSPS)
The NSPS recognises and targets the specific problems faced by caregivers of OVC. The Care Reform Initiative is designed to dovetail with the LEAP programme, which is already in operation.
- The Commission For Africa
The recommendations made in this report suggest giving importance to the following important areas:
Data collection: The CRI began by effectively collecting data that would enable Government to analyse complex information on OVC and budget and plan effectively.
Targeting orphans and vulnerable children: the Commission identified CRI beneficiaries as one of the key target groups.
Empowering families and communities to care for orphans.
Giving long term predictable aid, that allows for planning.
Aligning the aid to the priorities and system of the local Government.
Channelling the aid in ways that include local systems rather than bypassing them.
- The Draft UN Guidelines for the Promotion of Appropriate Parental Care, the Protection of Children Deprived of such Care and the Provision of alternative Care.
The CRI is firmly based in the provisions of this document and hope that Ghana will be among the first countries to ratify it.
- Department of Social Welfare Assessment 07.
This report strongly underlines the following points that are addressed by the CRI. Especially on page six when it reads.
“The establishment of a Family Care programme… alternative family care should be promoted through formalised fosterage and reduce the number and length of stay by children in state and private residential centres”
It also encourages the long-term sustained support that this programme will bring. “It would be useful for DSW to formalise relationships with partner organisations through joint planning and budgeting…”